How to change the Text color of Menu item in Android?

One simple line in your theme :)

<item name="android:actionMenuTextColor">@color/your_color</item>
Marcus Wolschon

It seems that an

  <item name="android:itemTextAppearance">@style/myCustomMenuTextAppearance</item>

in my theme and

   <style name="myCustomMenuTextAppearance" parent="@android:style/TextAppearance.Widget.IconMenu.Item">
        <item name="android:textColor">@android:color/primary_text_dark</item>
    </style>

in styles.xml change the style of list-items but not menu items.

You can change the color of the MenuItem text easily by using SpannableString instead of String.

@Override
public void onCreateOptionsMenu(Menu menu, MenuInflater inflater) {
    inflater.inflate(R.menu.your_menu, menu);

    int positionOfMenuItem = 0; // or whatever...
    MenuItem item = menu.getItem(positionOfMenuItem);
    SpannableString s = new SpannableString("My red MenuItem");
    s.setSpan(new ForegroundColorSpan(Color.RED), 0, s.length(), 0);
    item.setTitle(s);
}
Sudara

If you are using the new Toolbar, with the theme Theme.AppCompat.Light.NoActionBar, you can style it in the following way.

 <style name="ToolbarTheme" parent="Theme.AppCompat.Light.NoActionBar">
    <item name="android:textColorPrimary">@color/my_color1</item>
    <item name="android:textColorSecondary">@color/my_color2</item>
    <item name="android:textColor">@color/my_color3</item>
 </style>`

According to the results I got,
android:textColorPrimary is the text color displaying the name of your activity, which is the primary text of the toolbar.

android:textColorSecondary is the text color for subtitle and more options (3 dot) button. (Yes, it changed its color according to this property!)

android:textColor is the color for all other text including the menu.

Finally set the theme to the Toolbar

<android.support.v7.widget.Toolbar xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto"
    app:theme="@style/ToolbarTheme"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:minHeight="?attr/actionBarSize"/>
Muralikrishna G S

I went about it programmatically like this:

public boolean onCreateOptionsMenu(Menu menu) {
    getMenuInflater().inflate(R.menu.changeip_card_menu, menu); 
    for(int i = 0; i < menu.size(); i++) {
        MenuItem item = menu.getItem(i);
        SpannableString spanString = new SpannableString(menu.getItem(i).getTitle().toString());
        spanString.setSpan(new ForegroundColorSpan(Color.BLACK), 0,     spanString.length(), 0); //fix the color to white
        item.setTitle(spanString);
    }
    return true;
}

If you are using menu as <android.support.design.widget.NavigationView /> then just add below line in NavigationView :

app:itemTextColor="your color"

Also available colorTint for icon, it will override color for your icon as well. For that you have to add below line:

app:itemIconTint="your color"

Example:

<android.support.design.widget.NavigationView
        android:id="@+id/nav_view"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="match_parent"
        android:layout_gravity="start"

        app:itemTextColor="@color/color_white"
        app:itemIconTint="@color/color_white"

        android:background="@color/colorPrimary"
        android:fitsSystemWindows="true"
        app:headerLayout="@layout/nav_header_main"
        app:menu="@menu/activity_main_drawer"/>

Hope it will help you.

pouya

as you can see in this question you should:

<item name="android:textColorPrimary">yourColor</item>

Above code changes the text color of the menu action items for API >= v21.

<item name="actionMenuTextColor">@android:color/holo_green_light</item>

Above is the code for API < v21

I used the html tag to change a single item's text colour when the menu item is inflated. Hope it would be helpful.

public boolean onCreateOptionsMenu(Menu menu) {
    // Inflate the menu; this adds items to the action bar if it is present.
    getMenuInflater().inflate(R.menu.menu_main, menu);
    menu.findItem(R.id.main_settings).setTitle(Html.fromHtml("<font color='#ff3824'>Settings</font>"));
    return true;
}

The short answer is YES. lucky you!
To do so, you need to override some styles of the Android default styles :

First, look at the definition of the themes in Android :

<style name="Theme.IconMenu">
<!-- Menu/item attributes -->
<item name="android:itemTextAppearance">@android:style/TextAppearance.Widget.IconMenu.Item</item>
<item name="android:itemBackground">@android:drawable/menu_selector</item>
<item name="android:itemIconDisabledAlpha">?android:attr/disabledAlpha</item>
<item name="android:horizontalDivider">@android:drawable/divider_horizontal_bright</item>
<item name="android:verticalDivider">@android:drawable/divider_vertical_bright</item>
<item name="android:windowAnimationStyle">@android:style/Animation.OptionsPanel</item>
<item name="android:moreIcon">@android:drawable/ic_menu_more</item>
<item name="android:background">@null</item>
</style>

So, the appearance of the text in the menu is in @android:style/TextAppearance.Widget.IconMenu.Item
Now, in the definition of the styles :

<style name="TextAppearance.Widget.IconMenu.Item" parent="TextAppearance.Small">
<item name="android:textColor">?textColorPrimaryInverse</item>
</style>

So now we have the name of the color in question, if you look in the color folder of the resources of the system :

<selector xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android">
<item android:state_enabled="false" android:color="@android:color/bright_foreground_light_disabled" /> 
<item android:state_window_focused="false" android:color="@android:color/bright_foreground_light" /> 
<item android:state_pressed="true" android:color="@android:color/bright_foreground_light" /> 
<item android:state_selected="true" android:color="@android:color/bright_foreground_light" /> 
<item android:color="@android:color/bright_foreground_light" /> 
<!--  not selected --> 
</selector>

Finally, here is what you need to do :

Override "TextAppearance.Widget.IconMenu.Item" and create your own style. Then link it to your own selector to make it the way you want. Hope this helps you. Good luck!

Thanks for the code example. I had to modify it go get it to work with a context menu. This is my solution.

    static final Class<?>[] constructorSignature = new Class[] {Context.class, AttributeSet.class};

class MenuColorFix implements LayoutInflater.Factory {
    public View onCreateView(String name, Context context, AttributeSet attrs) {
        if (name.equalsIgnoreCase("com.android.internal.view.menu.ListMenuItemView")) {
            try {
                Class<? extends ViewGroup> clazz = context.getClassLoader().loadClass(name).asSubclass(ViewGroup.class);
                Constructor<? extends ViewGroup> constructor = clazz.getConstructor(constructorSignature);
                final ViewGroup view = constructor.newInstance(new Object[]{context,attrs});

                new Handler().post(new Runnable() {
                    public void run() {
                        try {
                            view.setBackgroundColor(Color.BLACK);
                            List<View> children = getAllChildren(view);
                            for(int i = 0; i< children.size(); i++) {
                                View child = children.get(i);
                                if ( child instanceof TextView ) {
                                    ((TextView)child).setTextColor(Color.WHITE);
                                }
                            }
                        }
                        catch (Exception e) {
                            Log.i(TAG, "Caught Exception!",e);
                        }

                    }
                });
                return view;
            }
            catch (Exception e) {
                Log.i(TAG, "Caught Exception!",e);
            }
        }
        return null;
    }       
}

public List<View> getAllChildren(ViewGroup vg) {
    ArrayList<View> result = new ArrayList<View>();
    for ( int i = 0; i < vg.getChildCount(); i++ ) {
        View child = vg.getChildAt(i);
        if ( child instanceof ViewGroup) {
            result.addAll(getAllChildren((ViewGroup)child));
        }
        else {
            result.add(child);
        }
    }
    return result;
}

@Override
public void onCreateContextMenu(ContextMenu menu, View v, ContextMenuInfo menuInfo) {
    LayoutInflater lInflater = getLayoutInflater();
    if ( lInflater.getFactory() == null ) {
        lInflater.setFactory(new MenuColorFix());
    }
    super.onCreateContextMenu(menu, v, menuInfo);
    MenuInflater inflater = getMenuInflater();
    inflater.inflate(R.menu.myMenu, menu);
}

For me this works with Android 1.6, 2.03 and 4.03.

SIMPLEST way to make custom menu color for single toolbar, not for AppTheme

    <android.support.design.widget.AppBarLayout
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:theme="@style/AppTheme.AppBarOverlay.MenuBlue">
        <android.support.v7.widget.Toolbar
            android:id="@+id/toolbar"
            android:layout_width="match_parent"
            android:layout_height="?attr/actionBarSize"/>
    </android.support.design.widget.AppBarLayout>

usual toolbar on styles.xml

<style name="AppTheme.AppBarOverlay" parent="ThemeOverlay.AppCompat.Dark.ActionBar"/>

our custom toolbar style

<style name="AppTheme.AppBarOverlay.MenuBlue">
    <item name="actionMenuTextColor">@color/blue</item>
</style>
Abhay Kumar

Options menu in android can be customized to set the background or change the text appearance. The background and text color in the menu couldn’t be changed using themes and styles. The android source code (data\res\layout\icon_menu_item_layout.xml)uses a custom item of class “com.android.internal.view.menu.IconMenuItem”View for the menu layout. We can make changes in the above class to customize the menu. To achieve the same, use LayoutInflater factory class and set the background and text color for the view.


@Override
public boolean onCreateOptionsMenu(Menu menu) {
    MenuInflater inflater = getMenuInflater();
    inflater.inflate(R.menu.my_menu, menu);
    getLayoutInflater().setFactory(new Factory() {
        @Override
        public View onCreateView(String name, Context context, AttributeSet attrs) {
            if (name .equalsIgnoreCase(“com.android.internal.view.menu.IconMenuItemView”)) {
                try{
                    LayoutInflater f = getLayoutInflater();
                    final View view = f.createView(name, null, attrs);
                    new Handler().post(new Runnable() {
                        public void run() {
                            // set the background drawable
                            view .setBackgroundResource(R.drawable.my_ac_menu_background);

                            // set the text color
                            ((TextView) view).setTextColor(Color.WHITE);
                        }
                    });
                    return view;
                } catch (InflateException e) {
                    } catch (ClassNotFoundException e) {}
            }
            return null;
        }
    });
    return super.onCreateOptionsMenu(menu);
}


i found it Eureka !!

in your app theme:

<style name="AppTheme" parent="Theme.AppCompat.Light.DarkActionBar">
    <item name="android:actionBarStyle">@style/ActionBarTheme</item>
    <!-- backward compatibility -->          
    <item name="actionBarStyle">@style/ActionBarTheme</item>        
</style>

here is your action bar theme:

<style name="ActionBarTheme" parent="@style/Widget.AppCompat.Light.ActionBar.Solid.Inverse">
   <item name="android:background">@color/actionbar_bg_color</item>
   <item name="popupTheme">@style/ActionBarPopupTheme</item
   <!-- backward compatibility -->
   <item name="background">@color/actionbar_bg_color</item>
</style>

and here is your popup theme:

 <style name="ActionBarPopupTheme">
    <item name="android:textColor">@color/menu_text_color</item>
    <item name="android:background">@color/menu_bg_color</item>
 </style>

Cheers ;)

Thanks to max.musterman, this is the solution I got to work in level 22:

public boolean onCreateOptionsMenu(Menu menu) {
    getMenuInflater().inflate(R.menu.menu_main, menu);
    SearchManager searchManager = (SearchManager) getSystemService(Context.SEARCH_SERVICE);
    MenuItem searchMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.search);
    SearchView searchView = (SearchView) searchMenuItem.getActionView();
    searchView.setSearchableInfo(searchManager.getSearchableInfo(getComponentName()));
    searchView.setSubmitButtonEnabled(true);
    searchView.setOnQueryTextListener(this);
    setMenuTextColor(menu, R.id.displaySummary, R.string.show_summary);
    setMenuTextColor(menu, R.id.about, R.string.text_about);
    setMenuTextColor(menu, R.id.importExport, R.string.import_export);
    setMenuTextColor(menu, R.id.preferences, R.string.settings);
    return true;
}

private void setMenuTextColor(Menu menu, int menuResource, int menuTextResource) {
    MenuItem item = menu.findItem(menuResource);
    SpannableString s = new SpannableString(getString(menuTextResource));
    s.setSpan(new ForegroundColorSpan(Color.BLACK), 0, s.length(), 0);
    item.setTitle(s);
}

The hardcoded Color.BLACK could become an additional parameter to the setMenuTextColor method. Also, I only used this for menu items which were android:showAsAction="never".

to change menu item text color use below code

<style name="AppToolbar" parent="Theme.AppCompat.Light.NoActionBar">
<item name="android:itemTextAppearance">@style/menu_item_color</item>
</style>

where

<style name="menu_item_color">
<item name="android:textColor">@color/app_font_color</item>
</style>

Simply add this to your theme

<style name="AppTheme" parent="Theme.AppCompat.Light.NoActionBar">
        <item name="android:itemTextAppearance">@style/AppTheme.ItemTextStyle</item>
</style>

<style name="AppTheme.ItemTextStyle" parent="@android:style/TextAppearance.Widget.IconMenu.Item">
        <item name="android:textColor">@color/orange_500</item>
</style>

Tested on API 21

@Override
public void onCreateOptionsMenu(Menu menu, MenuInflater inflater) {
    inflater.inflate(R.menu.search, menu);


    MenuItem myActionMenuItem = menu.findItem( R.id.action_search);
    SearchView searchView = (SearchView) myActionMenuItem.getActionView();

    EditText searchEditText = (EditText) searchView.findViewById(android.support.v7.appcompat.R.id.search_src_text);
    searchEditText.setTextColor(Color.WHITE); //You color here

You can set color programmatically.

private static void setMenuTextColor(final Context context, final Toolbar toolbar, final int menuResId, final int colorRes) {
    toolbar.post(new Runnable() {
        @Override
        public void run() {
            View settingsMenuItem =  toolbar.findViewById(menuResId);
            if (settingsMenuItem instanceof TextView) {
                if (DEBUG) {
                    Log.i(TAG, "setMenuTextColor textview");
                }
                TextView tv = (TextView) settingsMenuItem;
                tv.setTextColor(ContextCompat.getColor(context, colorRes));
            } else { // you can ignore this branch, because usually there is not the situation
                Menu menu = toolbar.getMenu();
                MenuItem item = menu.findItem(menuResId);
                SpannableString s = new SpannableString(item.getTitle());
                s.setSpan(new ForegroundColorSpan(ContextCompat.getColor(context, colorRes)), 0, s.length(), 0);
                item.setTitle(s);
            }

        }
    });
}

My situation was settings text color in the options menu (main app menu showed on menu button press).

Tested in API 16 with appcompat-v7-27.0.2 library, AppCompatActivity for MainActivity and AppCompat theme for the application in AndroidManifest.xml.

styles.xml:

<style name="AppTheme" parent="Theme.AppCompat.Light.DarkActionBar">
  <item name="actionBarPopupTheme">@style/PopupTheme</item>
</style>

<style name="PopupTheme" parent="@style/ThemeOverlay.AppCompat.Light">
  <item name="android:textColorSecondary">#f00</item>
</style>

Don't know if that textColorSecondary affects other elements but it controls the menu text color.


I searched some examples on the topic but all ready-to-use snippets didn't work.

So I wanted to investigate it with the source code for the appcompat-v7 library (specifically with the res folder of the .aar package).

Though in my case I used Eclipse with exploded .aar dependencies. So I could change the default styles and check the results. Don't know how to explode the libraries to use with Gradle or Android Studio directly. It deserves another thread of investigation.

So my purpose was so find which color in the res/values/values.xml file is used for the menu text (I was almost sure the color was there).

  1. I opened that file, then duplicated all colors, put them below the default ones to override them and assigned #f00 value to all of them.
  2. Start the app.
  3. Many elements had red background or text color. And the menu items too. That was what I needed.
  4. Removing my added colors by blocks of 5-10 lines I ended with the secondary_text_default_material_light color item.
  5. Searching that name in the files within the res folder (or better within res/colors) I found only one occurrence in the color/abc_secondary_text_material_light.xml file (I used Sublime Text for these operations so it's easier to find thing I need).
  6. Back to the values.xml 8 usages were found for the @color/abc_secondary_text_material_light.
  7. It was a Light theme so 4 left in 2 themes: Base.ThemeOverlay.AppCompat.Light and Platform.AppCompat.Light.
  8. The first theme was a child of the second one so there were only 2 attributes with that color resource: android:textColorSecondary and android:textColorTertiaryin the Base.ThemeOverlay.AppCompat.Light.
  9. Changing their values directly in the values.xml and running the app I found that the final correct attribute was android:textColorSecondary.
  10. Next I needed a theme or another attribute so I could change it in my app's style.xml (because my theme had as the parent the Theme.AppCompat.Light and not the ThemeOverlay.AppCompat.Light).
  11. I searched in the same file for the Base.ThemeOverlay.AppCompat.Light. It had a child ThemeOverlay.AppCompat.Light.
  12. Searching for the ThemeOverlay.AppCompat.Light I found its usage in the Base.Theme.AppCompat.Light.DarkActionBar theme as the actionBarPopupTheme attribute value.
  13. My app's theme Theme.AppCompat.Light.DarkActionBar was a child of the found Base.Theme.AppCompat.Light.DarkActionBar so I could use that attribute in my styles.xml without problems.
  14. As it's seen in the example code above I created a child theme from the mentioned ThemeOverlay.AppCompat.Light and changed the android:textColorSecondary attribute.

https://i.imgur.com/LNfKdzC.png

in Kotlin I wrote these extensions:

fun MenuItem.setTitleColor(color: Int) {
    val hexColor = Integer.toHexString(color).toUpperCase().substring(2)
    val html = "<font color='#$hexColor'>$title</font>"
    this.title = html.parseAsHtml()
}           



@Suppress("DEPRECATION")                                                                        
fun String.parseAsHtml(): Spanned {                                                             
    return if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= Build.VERSION_CODES.N) {                                
        Html.fromHtml(this, Html.FROM_HTML_MODE_LEGACY)                                         
    } else {                                                                                    
        Html.fromHtml(this)                                                                     
    }                                                                                           
}  

and used like this:

menu.findItem(R.id.main_settings).setTitleColor(Color.RED)
Tenacious

Sephy's solution doesn't work. It's possible to override the options menu item text appearance using the method described above, but not the item or menu. To do that there are essentially 3 ways:

  1. How to change the background color of the options menu?
  2. Write your own view to display and override onCreateOptionsMenu and onPrepareOptionsMenu to get the results you want. I state this generally because you can generally do whatever you want in these methods, but you probably won't want to call into super().
  3. Copy code from the open-source SDK and customize for your behavior. The default menu implementation used by Activity will no longer apply.

See Issue 4441: Custom Options Menu Theme for more clues.

Anoop S S

try this code....

 @Override
    public boolean onCreateOptionsMenu(Menu menu) {
        MenuInflater inflater = getMenuInflater();
         inflater.inflate(R.menu.my_menu, menu);

        getLayoutInflater().setFactory(new Factory() {
            @Override
            public View onCreateView(String name, Context context,
                    AttributeSet attrs) {

                if (name.equalsIgnoreCase("com.android.internal.view.menu.IconMenuItemView")) {
                    try {
                        LayoutInflater f = getLayoutInflater();
                        final View view = f.createView(name, null, attrs);

                        new Handler().post(new Runnable() {
                            public void run() {

                                // set the background drawable
                                 view.setBackgroundResource(R.drawable.my_ac_menu_background);

                                // set the text color
                                ((TextView) view).setTextColor(Color.WHITE);
                            }
                        });
                        return view;
                    } catch (InflateException e) {
                    } catch (ClassNotFoundException e) {
                    }
                }
                return null;
            }
        });
        return super.onCreateOptionsMenu(menu);
    }

Adding this into my styles.xml worked for me

<item name="android:textColorPrimary">?android:attr/textColorPrimaryInverse</item>

This is how you can color a specific menu item with color, works for all API levels:

public static void setToolbarMenuItemTextColor(final Toolbar toolbar,
                                               final @ColorRes int color,
                                               @IdRes final int resId) {
    if (toolbar != null) {
        for (int i = 0; i < toolbar.getChildCount(); i++) {
            final View view = toolbar.getChildAt(i);
            if (view instanceof ActionMenuView) {
                final ActionMenuView actionMenuView = (ActionMenuView) view;
                // view children are accessible only after layout-ing
                actionMenuView.post(new Runnable() {
                    @Override
                    public void run() {
                        for (int j = 0; j < actionMenuView.getChildCount(); j++) {
                            final View innerView = actionMenuView.getChildAt(j);
                            if (innerView instanceof ActionMenuItemView) {
                                final ActionMenuItemView itemView = (ActionMenuItemView) innerView;
                                if (resId == itemView.getId()) {
                                    itemView.setTextColor(ContextCompat.getColor(toolbar.getContext(), color));
                                }
                            }
                        }
                    }
                });
            }
        }
    }
}

By doing that you loose the background selector effect, so here is the code to apply a custom background selector to all of the menu item children.

public static void setToolbarMenuItemsBackgroundSelector(final Context context,
                                                         final Toolbar toolbar) {
    if (toolbar != null) {
        for (int i = 0; i < toolbar.getChildCount(); i++) {
            final View view = toolbar.getChildAt(i);
            if (view instanceof ImageButton) {
                // left toolbar icon (navigation, hamburger, ...)
                UiHelper.setViewBackgroundSelector(context, view);
            } else if (view instanceof ActionMenuView) {
                final ActionMenuView actionMenuView = (ActionMenuView) view;

                // view children are accessible only after layout-ing
                actionMenuView.post(new Runnable() {
                    @Override
                    public void run() {
                        for (int j = 0; j < actionMenuView.getChildCount(); j++) {
                            final View innerView = actionMenuView.getChildAt(j);
                            if (innerView instanceof ActionMenuItemView) {
                                // text item views
                                final ActionMenuItemView itemView = (ActionMenuItemView) innerView;
                                UiHelper.setViewBackgroundSelector(context, itemView);

                                // icon item views
                                for (int k = 0; k < itemView.getCompoundDrawables().length; k++) {
                                    if (itemView.getCompoundDrawables()[k] != null) {
                                        UiHelper.setViewBackgroundSelector(context, itemView);
                                    }
                                }
                            }
                        }
                    }
                });
            }
        }
    }
}

Here is the helper function also:

public static void setViewBackgroundSelector(@NonNull Context context, @NonNull View itemView) {
    int[] attrs = new int[]{R.attr.selectableItemBackgroundBorderless};
    TypedArray ta = context.obtainStyledAttributes(attrs);
    Drawable drawable = ta.getDrawable(0);
    ta.recycle();

    ViewCompat.setBackground(itemView, drawable);
}

For changing the text color, you can just set a custom view for the MenuItem, and then you can define the color for the text.

Sample Code : MenuItem.setActionView()