How to fix getActionBar method may produce java.lang.NullPointerException

Adam Ghani

Actually Android Studio isn't showing you an "error message", it's just a warning.

Some answers propose the use of an assertion, Dalvik runtime has assertion turned off by default, so you have to actually turn it on for it to actually do something. In this case (assertion is turned off), what you're essentially doing is just tricking Android Studio to not show you the warning. Also, I prefer not to use "assert" in production code.

In my opinion, what you should do is very simple.

if(getActionBar() != null){
   getActionBar().setDisplayHomeAsUpEnabled(true);
}

Update: In case you're using the support library version of the Action Bar, you should replace getActionBar() with getSupportActionBar().

if(getSupportActionBar() != null){
    getSupportActionBar().setDisplayHomeAsUpEnabled(true);
}

First off, you need to set the toolbar as the support ActionBar. Then if you're certain it's going to be there all the time, just assert it as != null. This will tell the compiler it won't be null, so the null check passes.

@Override
protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState)
{
   super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
   setContentView(R.layout.cardviewinput);

   Toolbar toolbar = (Toolbar) findViewById(R.id.toolbar);
   setSupportActionBar(toolbar);

   assert getSupportActionBar() != null;
   getSupportActionBar().setDisplayHomeAsUpEnabled(true); // it's getSupportActionBar() if you're using AppCompatActivity, not getActionBar()
}

Thank You Andrew for your answer. If you have a Nav Drawer or something else that uses getSupportActionBar() you need to add assert getSupportActionBar() != null;

Peace,

Example:

@Override
public void setTitle(CharSequence title) {
    mTitle = title;
    assert getSupportActionBar() != null;
    getSupportActionBar().setTitle(mTitle);
}

Try this :

private ActionBar getActionBar() {
    return ((AppCompatActivity) getActivity()).getSupportActionBar();
}

What I have done is override the getSupportActionBar() method in my base Activity and add a @NonNull annotation. This way, I only get one lint warning in the base activity about how I use @NonNull annotation for something that has a @Nullable annotation.

    @NonNull
    @Override
    public ActionBar getSupportActionBar() {
        // Small hack here so that Lint does not warn me in every single activity about null
        // action bar
        return super.getSupportActionBar();
    }

I created a generic class such as:

public final class Cast
{
    private Cast() {}

    /**
     * Helps to eliminate annoying NullPointerException lint warning.
     */
    @android.support.annotation.NonNull
    public static <T> T neverNull(T value)
    {
        return value;
    }
}

then I can use it for any call with NullPointerException warning for which I am sure that it will never happen, e.g.

final ActionBar actionBar = Cast.neverNull(getSupportActionBar());
actionBar.setDisplayHomeAsUpEnabled(true);
actionBar.setHomeButtonEnabled(true);

P.S. don't forget to add "com.android.support:support-annotations" to your gradle file.

Pankaj K Sharma

add assert getSupportActionBar() != null; before getSupportActionBar().setDisplayHomeAsUpEnabled(true);

Krishna
 if(actionBar != null) {
  actionBar.setHomeButtonEnabled(true);
  actionBar.setBackgroundDrawable(ContextCompat.getDrawable(mContext,
                                  R.drawable.action_bar_gradient));
 }
Surendran

use this theme: android:theme="@style/Theme.AppCompat.Light.NoActionBar"

Toolbar toolbar = (Toolbar) findViewById(R.id.toolbar);
toolbar.setTitle("Title");
setSupportActionBar(toolbar);
ActionBar actionBar = getSupportActionBar();
actionBar.setHomeButtonEnabled(true);
actionBar.setHomeAsUpIndicator(R.drawable.ic_action_previous_item);
actionBar.setDisplayHomeAsUpEnabled(true);

Alternatively you could assert actionbar to not null.Add the assertion before calling your actionbar as follows

assert getSupportActionBar() != null;

Final snippet would therefore look as follows:

    setSupportActionBar((Toolbar) findViewById(R.id.toolbar));
    assert getSupportActionBar() != null;
    getSupportActionBar().setDisplayHomeAsUpEnabled(true);

Try this :

setSupportActionBar (toolbar);
if(getSupportActionBar () != null) {
assert getSupportActionBar () != null;
getSupportActionBar ().setDisplayHomeUpEnabled(true);
}

Note that setSupportActionBar(toolbar) should be before getSupportActionBar().

MEGHA DOBARIYA
  if(getSupportActionBar() != null){
        getSupportActionBar().setDisplayHomeAsUpEnabled(true);
    }
    OR

Replace the MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity to public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity

just check getSupportActionBar not equal to null

    setSupportActionBar(toolbar);

    if(getSupportActionBar() != null) {
        getSupportActionBar().setDisplayHomeAsUpEnabled(true);
        getSupportActionBar().setTitle("Daily Shopping List");
    }

If you are importing

android.app.ActionBar 

you have to use getActionBar()

and if you are importing

android.support.v7.app.ActionBar

use getSupportActionBar()