javax.mail.AuthenticationFailedException: failed to connect, no password specified?

Try to create an javax.mail.Authenticator Object, and send that in with the properties object to the Session object.

Authenticator edit:

You can modify this to accept a username and password and you can store them there, or where ever you want.

public class SmtpAuthenticator extends Authenticator {
public SmtpAuthenticator() {

    super();
}

@Override
public PasswordAuthentication getPasswordAuthentication() {
 String username = "user";
 String password = "password";
    if ((username != null) && (username.length() > 0) && (password != null) 
      && (password.length   () > 0)) {

        return new PasswordAuthentication(username, password);
    }

    return null;
}

In your class where you send the email:

SmtpAuthenticator authentication = new SmtpAuthenticator();
javax.mail.Message msg = new MimeMessage(Session
                    .getDefaultInstance(emailProperties, authenticator));
Sowmya Vallam

You need to add the Object Authentication as the Parameter to the Session. such as

Session session = Session.getDefaultInstance(props, 
    new javax.mail.Authenticator(){
        protected PasswordAuthentication getPasswordAuthentication() {
            return new PasswordAuthentication(
                "[email protected]", "XXXXX");// Specify the Username and the PassWord
        }
});

now You will not get this kind of Exception....

javax.mail.AuthenticationFailedException: failed to connect, no password specified?

Your email session should be provided an authenticator instance as below

Session session = Session.getDefaultInstance(props,
    new Authenticator() {
        protected PasswordAuthentication  getPasswordAuthentication() {
        return new PasswordAuthentication(
                    "[email protected]", "password");
                }
    });

a complete example is here http://bharatonjava.wordpress.com/2012/08/27/sending-email-using-java-mail-api/

In addition to RMT's answer. I also had to modify the code a bit.

  1. Transport.send should be accessed statically
  2. therefor, transport.connect did not do anything for me, I only needed to set the connection info in the initial Properties object.

here is my sample send() methods. The config object is just a dumb data container.

public boolean send(String to, String from, String subject, String text) {
    return send(new String[] {to}, from, subject, text);
}

public boolean send(String[] to, String from, String subject, String text) {

    Properties props = new Properties();
    props.put("mail.smtp.auth", "true");
    props.put("mail.smtp.host", config.host);
    props.put("mail.smtp.user", config.username);
    props.put("mail.smtp.port", config.port);
    props.put("mail.smtp.password", config.password);

    Session session = Session.getInstance(props, new SmtpAuthenticator(config));

    try {
        Message message = new MimeMessage(session);
        message.setFrom(new InternetAddress(from));
        InternetAddress[] addressTo = new InternetAddress[to.length];
        for (int i = 0; i < to.length; i++) {
            addressTo[i] = new InternetAddress(to[i]);
        }
        message.setRecipients(Message.RecipientType.TO, addressTo);
        message.setSubject(subject);
        message.setText(text);
        Transport.send(message);
    } catch (MessagingException e) {
        e.printStackTrace();
        return false;
    }
    return true;
}

I've solved this issue adding user and password in Transport.send call:

Transport.send(msg, "user", "password");

According to this signature of the send function in javax.mail (from version 1.5):

public static void send(Message msg, String user, String password)

Also, if you use this signature it's not necessary to set up any Authenticator, and to set user and password in the Properties (only the host is needed). So your code could be:

private void sendMail(){
  try{
      Properties prop = System.getProperties();
      prop.put("mail.smtp.host", "yourHost");
      Session session = Session.getInstance(prop);
      Message msg = #createYourMsg(session, from, to, subject, mailer, yatta yatta...)#;
      Transport.send(msg, "user", "password");
  }catch(Exception exc) {
      // Deal with it! :)
  }
}

It might be worth verifying that the gmail account hasn't been locked out due to several unsuccessful login attempts, you may need to reset your password. I had the same problem as you, and this turned out to be the solution.

user4083502

I also have this problem so don't worry. It comes from mail server side due to an outside authentication issue. Open your mail and you will get a mail from the mail server telling you to enable accessibility. When you have done that, retry your program.

import java.util.Properties;

import javax.mail.Authenticator;
import javax.mail.Message;
import javax.mail.MessagingException;
import javax.mail.PasswordAuthentication;
import javax.mail.Session;
import javax.mail.Transport;
import javax.mail.internet.InternetAddress;
import javax.mail.internet.MimeMessage;

import com.opensymphony.xwork2.ActionSupport;
import com.opensymphony.xwork2.ModelDriven;

@SuppressWarnings("serial")
public class RegisterAction {


    public String execute() {


         RegisterAction mailBean = new RegisterAction();

           String subject="Your username & password ";

           String message="Hi," + username;
          message+="\n \n Your username is " + email;
          message+="\n \n Your password is " + password;
          message+="\n \n Please login to the web site with your username and password.";
          message+="\n \n Thanks";
          message+="\n \n \n Regards";

           //Getting  FROM_MAIL

           String[] recipients = new String[1];
            recipients[0] = new String();
            recipients[0] = customer.getEmail();

           try{
          mailBean.sendMail(recipients,subject,message);

          return "success";
          }catch(Exception e){
           System.out.println("Error in sending mail:"+e);
          }

        return "failure";
    }

    public void sendMail( String recipients[ ], String subject, String message)
             throws MessagingException
              {
                boolean debug = false;

                 //Set the host smtp address

                 Properties props = new Properties();
                 props.put("mail.smtp.host", "smtp.gmail.com");
                 props.put("mail.smtp.starttls.enable", true);
                 props.put("mail.smtp.auth", true);

                // create some properties and get the default Session

                Session session = Session.getDefaultInstance(props, new Authenticator() {

                    protected PasswordAuthentication getPasswordAuthentication() {
                        return new PasswordAuthentication(
                                "[email protected]", "5373273437543");// Specify the Username and the PassWord
                    }

                });
                session.setDebug(debug);


                // create a message
                Message msg = new MimeMessage(session);


                InternetAddress[] addressTo = new InternetAddress[recipients.length];
                for (int i = 0; i < recipients.length; i++)
                {
                  addressTo[i] = new InternetAddress(recipients[i]);
                }

                msg.setRecipients(Message.RecipientType.TO, addressTo);

                // Optional : You can also set your custom headers  in the Email if you Want
                //msg.addHeader("MyHeaderName", "myHeaderValue");

                // Setting the Subject and Content Type
                msg.setSubject(subject);
                msg.setContent(message, "text/plain");

                //send message
                Transport.send(msg);

                System.out.println("Message Sent Successfully");
              }

}

Even when using an Authenticator I had to set mail.smtp.auth property to true. Here is a working example:

final Properties props = new Properties();
props.put("mail.smtp.host", config.getSmtpHost());
props.setProperty("mail.smtp.auth", "true");

Session session = Session.getDefaultInstance(props, new javax.mail.Authenticator()
{
  protected PasswordAuthentication getPasswordAuthentication()
  {
    return new PasswordAuthentication(config.getSmtpUser(), config.getSmtpPassword());
  }
});

Turn On "Access for less secure apps" in Security setting for the gmail account.(from mail), see the below link for references

http://www.ghacks.net/2014/07/21/gmail-starts-block-less-secure-apps-enable-access/

This error may be about password characters. If your password contains special characters and also you add your password into Transport class methods;

For Example

Transport transport = session.getTransport("smtp");
transport.connect("user","[email protected]");

or

Transport.send(msg, "user", "passw%rd");

you may get that error. Because Transport class' methods may not handle special characters. If you add your username and password into your message using javax.mail.PasswordAuthentication class, i hope you will escape that error;

For Example

...
Session session = Session.getInstance(props, new javax.mail.Authenticator()
{
  protected PasswordAuthentication getPasswordAuthentication()
  {
    return new PasswordAuthentication("user", "[email protected]|d");
  }
});

Message message = new MimeMessage(session);
...
Transport.send(message);
bymysidel

See the 9 line of your code,it may be an error; it should be:

mail.smtp.user 

not

mail.stmp.user;
user2618037

I have just faced this problem, and the solution is that the property "mail.smtp.user" should be your email (not username).

The example for gmail user:

properties.put("mail.smtp.starttls.enable", "true");
properties.put("mail.smtp.host", host);
properties.put("mail.smtp.user", from);
properties.put("mail.smtp.password", pass);
properties.put("mail.smtp.port", "587");
properties.put("mail.smtp.auth", "true");