Fragment re-created on bottom navigation view item selected

With support library v26 you can do this

FragmentTransaction fragmentTransaction = mFragmentManager.beginTransaction();

Fragment curFrag = mFragmentManager.getPrimaryNavigationFragment();
if (curFrag != null) {
    fragmentTransaction.detach(curFrag);
}

Fragment fragment = mFragmentManager.findFragmentByTag(tag);
if (fragment == null) {
    fragment = new YourFragment();
    fragmentTransaction.add(container.getId(), fragment, tag);
} else {
    fragmentTransaction.attach(fragment);
}

fragmentTransaction.setPrimaryNavigationFragment(fragment);
fragmentTransaction.setReorderingAllowed(true);
fragmentTransaction.commitNowAllowingStateLoss();

Be careful when using replace. Even if providing a fragment that already exists in memory, replace will restart the fragment's lifecycle. To avoid a restart, the transaction object's methods includes add, show, and hide, which can be used to show the correct fragment without restarting it.

private fun switchFragment(index: Int) {
    val transaction = supportFragmentManager.beginTransaction()
    val tag = fragments[index].tag

    // if the fragment has not yet been added to the container, add it first
    if (supportFragmentManager.findFragmentByTag(tag) == null) {
        transaction.add(R.id.container, fragments[index], tag)
    }

    transaction.hide(fragments[navigationBar.currentTabPosition])
    transaction.show(fragments[index])
    transaction.commit()
}

Try this :

bottomNavigationView.setOnNavigationItemSelectedListener(new BottomNavigationView.OnNavigationItemSelectedListener() {
                @Override
                public boolean onNavigationItemSelected(@NonNull MenuItem item) {
                    Fragment fragment = null;
                    Fragment currentFragment = getSupportFragmentManager().findFragmentById(R.id.container);
                    switch (item.getItemId()) {
                        case R.id.action_one:
                            // Switch to page one
                            if (!(currentFragment instanceof FragmentA)) {
                                fragment = FragmentA.newInstance();
                            }
                            break;
                        case R.id.action_two:
                            // Switch to page two
                            if (!(currentFragment instanceof FragmentB)) {
                                fragment = FragmentB.newInstance();
                            }
                            break;
                        case R.id.action_three:
                            // Switch to page three
                            if (!(currentFragment instanceof FragmentC)) {
                                fragment = FragmentC.newInstance();
                            }
                            break;
                    }
                    getSupportFragmentManager().beginTransaction().replace(R.id.container, fragment, "TAG").commit();
                    return true;
                }
            });

That will get the current fragment in your container and if you click again on this fragment that will not re add the fragment.

I faced the same problem and finally i i found the solution, you can try this code. it's work for me.

import android.support.annotation.NonNull;
import android.support.design.widget.BottomNavigationView;
import android.support.v4.app.Fragment;
import android.support.v4.app.FragmentManager;
import android.support.v4.app.FragmentTransaction;
import android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.view.MenuItem;
import android.widget.FrameLayout;
import android.widget.Toast;

public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity {
public BottomNavigationView bv;
public home_fragment home;
public account_fragment afrag;
public other_fragment other;
public FrameLayout fr;
android.support.v4.app.Fragment current;
//public FragmentTransaction frt;
    public static int temp=0;
    final Fragment fragment11 = new account_fragment();
    final Fragment fragment22 = new home_fragment();
    final Fragment fragment33 = new other_fragment();
    final FragmentManager fm = getSupportFragmentManager();
    Fragment active = fragment11;
    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
        bv=(BottomNavigationView) findViewById(R.id.navigationView);


        fm.beginTransaction().add(R.id.main_frame, fragment33, "3").hide(fragment33).commit();
        fm.beginTransaction().add(R.id.main_frame, fragment22, "2").hide(fragment22).commit();
        fm.beginTransaction().add(R.id.main_frame,fragment11, "1").commit();
bv.setOnNavigationItemSelectedListener(new BottomNavigationView.OnNavigationItemSelectedListener() {

            @Override
            public boolean onNavigationItemSelected(@NonNull MenuItem item) {
                switch (item.getItemId()) {
                    case R.id.account:
                        fm.beginTransaction().hide(active).show(fragment11).commit();
                        active = fragment11;
                        return true;

                    case R.id.home1:
                        fm.beginTransaction().hide(active).show(fragment22).commit();
                        active = fragment22;
                        return true;

                    case R.id.other:
                        fm.beginTransaction().hide(active).show(fragment33).commit();
                        active = fragment33;
                        return true;
                }
                return false;
            }
        });
      bv.setOnNavigationItemReselectedListener(new BottomNavigationView.OnNavigationItemReselectedListener() {
          @Override
          public void onNavigationItemReselected(@NonNull MenuItem item) {
              Toast.makeText(MainActivity.this, "Reselected", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();

          }
      });


    }

}

setOnNavigationItemReselectedListener would be a better solution for that

This seemed to work well for me. Instead of attaching and detaching, i use show or hide to maintain fragment state.

public void changeFragment(Fragment fragment, String tagFragmentName) {

        FragmentManager mFragmentManager = getSupportFragmentManager();
        FragmentTransaction fragmentTransaction = mFragmentManager.beginTransaction();

        Fragment currentFragment = mFragmentManager.getPrimaryNavigationFragment();
        if (currentFragment != null) {
            fragmentTransaction.hide(currentFragment);
        }

        Fragment fragmentTemp = mFragmentManager.findFragmentByTag(tagFragmentName);
        if (fragmentTemp == null) {
            fragmentTemp = fragment;
            fragmentTransaction.add(R.id.frame_layout, fragmentTemp, tagFragmentName);
        } else {
            fragmentTransaction.show(fragmentTemp);
        }

        fragmentTransaction.setPrimaryNavigationFragment(fragmentTemp);
        fragmentTransaction.setReorderingAllowed(true);
        fragmentTransaction.commitNowAllowingStateLoss();
    }

And this is how i use it

 private void initViews() {
        BottomNavigationView bottomNavigationView = findViewById(R.id.navigation);
        bottomNavigationView.setOnNavigationItemSelectedListener
                (new BottomNavigationView.OnNavigationItemSelectedListener() {
                    @Override
                    public boolean onNavigationItemSelected(@NonNull MenuItem item) {
                        Fragment selectedFragment = null;
                        switch (item.getItemId()) {
                            case R.id.explore:
                                changeFragment(new ExploreFragment(), ExploreFragment.class
                                        .getSimpleName());
                                toggleViews(true, "");
                                break;
                            case R.id.favorite:
                                changeFragment(new FavoriteFragment(), FavoriteFragment.class
                                        .getSimpleName());
                                toggleViews(false, "Favorites");
                                break;
                            case R.id.venue:
                                changeFragment(new VenueFragment(), VenueFragment.class.getSimpleName());
                                toggleViews(false, "Venues");
                                break;
                            case R.id.profile:
                                changeFragment(new ProfileFragment(), ProfileFragment.class
                                        .getSimpleName());
                                toggleViews(false, "Profile");
                                break;
                        }
                        return true;
                    }
                });

        //Manually displaying the first fragment - one time only
        changeFragment(new ExploreFragment(), ExploreFragment.class
                .getSimpleName());

    }
Pb Studies

Use setOnNavigationItemReselectedListener like this:

private BottomNavigationView.OnNavigationItemReselectedListener onNavigationItemReselectedListener
            = new BottomNavigationView.OnNavigationItemReselectedListener() {

        @Override
        public void onNavigationItemReselected(@NonNull MenuItem item) {
            Toast.makeText(MainActivity.this, "Reselected", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
        }
    };

and call it using:

navigation.setOnNavigationItemReselectedListener(onNavigationItemReselectedListener);

I solved this problem by adding a ViewPager to which I delegated all my navigation fragments. Its adapter (FragmentPagerAdapter) doesn't recreate the fragments instances when the user navigates through the BotoomNavigationView.

To achieve this, you have to complete 5 easy steps:

  1. add a ViewPager to your layout;
  2. implement its adapter:

    class YourNavigationViewPagerAdapter(fm: FragmentManager,
                                         private val param1: Int,
                                         private val param2: Int)
    
        : FragmentPagerAdapter(fm) {
    
        override fun getItem(p0: Int) = when(p0) {
            0 -> NavigationFragment1.newInstance(param1, param2)
            1 -> NavigationFragment2.newInstance(param1, param2)
            2 -> NavigationFragment3.newInstance(param1, param2)
            else -> null
        }
    
        override fun getCount() = 3
    }
    
  3. don't forget to set the new adapter:

    yourViewPager.adapter = YourNavigationViewPagerAdapter(supportFragmentManager, param1, param2)
    
  4. set a OnNavigationItemSelectedListener to your BottomNavigationView like the following:

    yourBottomNavigationView.setOnNavigationItemSelectedListener {
    
        when(it.itemId) {
    
            R.id.yourFirstFragmentMenuItem -> {
                yourViewPager.currentItem = 0
                true
            }
    
            R.id.yourSecondFragmentMenuItem -> {
                yourViewPager.currentItem = 1
                true
            }
    
            R.id.yourThirdFragmentMenuItem -> {
                yourViewPager.currentItem = 2
                true
            }
    
    
            else -> false
        }
    }
    
  5. set a OnPageChangeListener to your ViewPager like the following:

    yourViewPager.addOnPageChangeListener(object : 
    ViewPager.OnPageChangeListener {
        override fun onPageScrollStateChanged(p0: Int) {
    
        }
    
        override fun onPageScrolled(p0: Int, p1: Float, p2: Int) {
    
        }
    
        override fun onPageSelected(p0: Int) {
            yourBottomNavigationView.menu.getItem(p0).isChecked = true
        }
    
    })
    
  6. enjoy :)

There are several test cases involved in proper navigation , I am pasting my code with all test cases checked.

FragmentTransaction fragmentTransaction = fragmentManager.beginTransaction();
        switch (item.getItemId()) {
            case R.id.dashboard:
                Fragment fragment;
                fragment = fragmentManager.findFragmentByTag(DashboardFragment.TAG);

                if (fragment == null) {
                    fragment = new DashboardFragment();
                    fragmentTransaction.add(R.id.frame, fragment, DashboardFragment.TAG);
                } else {
                    fragmentTransaction.detach(fragmentManager.getPrimaryNavigationFragment());
                    fragmentTransaction.attach(fragment);
                }
                fragmentTransaction.setPrimaryNavigationFragment(fragment);
                fragmentTransaction.commitNow();
                return true;
            case R.id.expenses:
                fragment = fragmentManager.findFragmentByTag(ExpenseFragment.TAG);
                if (fragment == null) {
                    fragment = new ExpenseFragment();
                    fragmentTransaction.add(R.id.frame, fragment, ExpenseFragment.TAG);
                } else {
                    fragmentTransaction.detach(fragmentManager.getPrimaryNavigationFragment());
                    fragmentTransaction.attach(fragment);
                }
                fragmentTransaction.setPrimaryNavigationFragment(fragment);
                fragmentTransaction.commitNow();
                return true;
            case R.id.vehicle_parts:
                Bundle bundle = new Bundle();
                bundle.putInt("odometer", vehicle.getOdometer());
                bundle.putString("vehicle_id", vehicle.get_id());
                fragment = fragmentManager.findFragmentByTag(PartsFragment.TAG);
                if (fragment == null) {
                    fragment = new PartsFragment();
                    fragment.setArguments(bundle);
                    fragmentTransaction.add(R.id.frame, fragment, PartsFragment.TAG);

                } else {
                    fragmentTransaction.detach(fragmentManager.getPrimaryNavigationFragment());
                    fragmentTransaction.attach(fragment);
                }
                fragmentTransaction.setPrimaryNavigationFragment(fragment);
                fragmentTransaction.commitNow();
                return true;
            case R.id.blog:
                fragment = fragmentManager.findFragmentByTag(BlogFragment.TAG);

                if (fragment == null) {
                    fragment = new BlogFragment();
                    fragmentTransaction.add(R.id.frame, fragment, BlogFragment.TAG);

                } else {
                    fragmentTransaction.detach(fragmentManager.getPrimaryNavigationFragment());
                    fragmentTransaction.attach(fragment);
                }
                fragmentTransaction.setPrimaryNavigationFragment(fragment);
                fragmentTransaction.commitNow();
                return true;
        }
        return false;

I've improved @Viven's answers and written it with Kotlin. My version instantiates fragment only for the first time, hides/shows. I'm new at Kotlin so tell me if I can improve anything.

We need to hold a id to tag map:

private val fragmentTags = hashMapOf(
        R.id.action_home to "home_fragment",
        R.id.action_profile to "profile_fragment"
)

The listener code:

bottomNavigation.run {
    setOnNavigationItemSelectedListener { menuItem ->
        supportFragmentManager.beginTransaction()
                .let { transaction ->
                    // hide current fragment
                    supportFragmentManager.primaryNavigationFragment?.let {
                        // if selected fragment's tag is same, do nothing.
                        if (it.tag == fragmentTags[menuItem.itemId]) {
                            [email protected] true
                        }

                        transaction.hide(it)
                    }

                    var fragment  = supportFragmentManager.findFragmentByTag(fragmentTags[menuItem.itemId])

                    if (fragment == null) {
                        // instantiate fragment for the first time
                        fragment = when(menuItem.itemId) {
                            R.id.action_home -> HomeFragment()
                            R.id.action_profile -> ProfileFragment()
                            else -> null
                        }?.also {
                            // and add it 
                            transaction.add(R.id.frame, it, fragmentTags[menuItem.itemId])
                        }
                    } else {
                        // if it's found show it 
                        transaction.show(fragment)
                    }


                    transaction
                            .setPrimaryNavigationFragment(fragment)
                            .setReorderingAllowed(true)
                }.commitNowAllowingStateLoss()

        [email protected] true
    }

    //bottomNavigation things
    itemIconTintList = null
    selectedItemId = R.id.action_home
}

I wrote an Extension function in Kotlin for the same.

fun FragmentManager.switch(containerId: Int, newFrag: Fragment, tag: String) {

var current = findFragmentByTag(tag)
beginTransaction()
    .apply {

        //Hide the current fragment
        primaryNavigationFragment?.let { hide(it) }

        //Check if current fragment exists in fragmentManager
        if (current == null) {
            current = newFrag
            add(containerId, current!!, tag)
        } else {
            show(current!!)
        }
    }
    .setTransition(FragmentTransaction.TRANSIT_FRAGMENT_OPEN)
    .setPrimaryNavigationFragment(current)
    .setReorderingAllowed(true)
    .commitNowAllowingStateLoss()
}