Can not deserialize instance of java.util.ArrayList out of START_OBJECT token

Eugen

The problem is the JSON - this cannot, by default, be deserialized into a Collection because it's not actually a JSON Array - that would look like this:

[
    {
        "name": "Test order1",
        "detail": "ahk ks"
    },
    {
        "name": "Test order2",
        "detail": "Fisteku"
    }
]

Since you're not controlling the exact process of deserialization (RestEasy does) - a first option would be to simply inject the JSON as a String and then take control of the deserialization process:

Collection<COrder> readValues = new ObjectMapper().readValue(
    jsonAsString, new TypeReference<Collection<COrder>>() { }
);

You would loose a bit of the convenience of not having to do that yourself, but you would easily sort out the problem.

Another option - if you cannot change the JSON - would be to construct a wrapper to fit the structure of your JSON input - and use that instead of Collection<COrder>.

Hope this helps.

Salah Atwa

Instead of the JSON document, you can update the ObjectMapper object like below :

ObjectMapper mapper = new ObjectMapper();
mapper.configure(DeserializationFeature.ACCEPT_SINGLE_VALUE_AS_ARRAY, true);

This will work:

The problem may happen when you're trying to read a list with a single element as a JsonArray rather than a JsonNode or vice versa.

Since you can't know for sure if the returned list contains a single element (so the json looks like this {...}) or multiple elements (and the json looks like this [{...},{...}]) - you'll have to check in runtime the type of the element.

It should look like this:

(Note: in this code sample I'm using com.fasterxml.jackson)

String jsonStr = response.readEntity(String.class);
ObjectMapper mapper = new ObjectMapper();
JsonNode rootNode = mapper.readTree(jsonStr);

// Start by checking if this is a list -> the order is important here:                      
if (rootNode instanceof ArrayNode) {
    // Read the json as a list:
    myObjClass[] objects = mapper.readValue(rootNode.toString(), myObjClass[].class);
    ...
} else if (rootNode instanceof JsonNode) {
    // Read the json as a single object:
    myObjClass object = mapper.readValue(rootNode.toString(), myObjClass.class);
    ...
} else {
    ...
}

Related to Eugen's answer, you can solve this particular case by creating a wrapper POJO object that contains a Collection<COrder> as its member variable. This will properly guide Jackson to place the actual Collection data inside the POJO's member variable and produce the JSON you are looking for in the API request.

Example:

public class ApiRequest {

   @JsonProperty("collection")
   private Collection<COrder> collection;

   // getters
}

Then set the parameter type of COrderRestService.postOrder() to be your new ApiRequest wrapper POJO instead of Collection<COrder>.

I had this issue on a REST API that was created using Spring framework. Adding a @ResponseBody annotation (to make the response JSON) resolved it.

Ambuj Sinha

Normally we face this issue when there is a problem mapping JSON node with that of Java object. I faced the same issue because in the swagger the node was defined as of Type array and the JSON object was having only one element , hence the system was having difficulty in mapping one element list to an array.

In Swagger the element was defined as

Test:
 "type": "array",
 "minItems": 1,
 "items": {
   "$ref": "#/definitions/TestNew"
  }

While it should be

Test:
    "$ref": "#/definitions/TestNew"

And TestNew should be of type array

Dto response = softConvertValue(jsonData, Dto.class);


     public static <T> T softConvertValue(Object fromValue, Class<T> toValueType) 
        {
            ObjectMapper objMapper = new ObjectMapper();
            return objMapper.configure(DeserializationFeature.FAIL_ON_UNKNOWN_PROPERTIES, false)
                    .convertValue(fromValue, toValueType);
        }

Same issue:

com.fasterxml.jackson.databind.exc.MismatchedInputException: Cannot deserialize instance of `java.util.UUID` out of START_OBJECT token

What caused it was the following:

ResponseEntity<UUID> response = restTemplate.postForEntity("/example/", null, UUID.class);

In my test I purposely set the request as null (no content POST). As previously mentioned, the cause for the OP was the same because the request didn't contain a valid JSON, so it couldn't be automatically identified as an application/json request which was the limitation on the server (consumes = "application/json"). A valid JSON request would be. What fixed it was populating an entity with null body and json headers explicitly.

HttpHeaders headers = new HttpHeaders();
headers.setContentType(MediaType.APPLICATION_JSON);
HttpEntity request = new HttpEntity<>(null, headers);
ResponseEntity<UUID> response = restTemplate.postForEntity("/example/", request, UUID.class);